By Soile Varis, Petrena Barnes, Ari Hakkarainen

In 2017, Finland will rejoice its one hundredth Independence Day. it's been a protracted and turbulent route to prosperity for this Northern eu country, yet this day, Finland is a reliable democracy. This ebook outlines the most important ancient occasions that created the state. the tale of Finland begins from the early heart a while, and takes readers to the recent demanding situations set via globalization.

Geographically positioned among East and West, Finland has been motivated and governed by means of either cultures. The King of Sweden governed Finland till the early nineteenth century, whilst he misplaced the scarcely inhabited territory to the Czar of Russia. a hundred years in the past, while the final Czar used to be dethroned, Finland seized the instant, and have become a sovereign country. It, although, intended the start of a civil struggle. Later, Finns fought for his or her independence within the moment international War.

History is not approximately wars by myself. The ebook describes how overseas relationships and a powerful president can outline a kingdom for many years. the idea that of Finlandization can nonetheless be a sensitive topic for Finns, however it is an elemental a part of the nation's history.

Today, Finland is the house of a few 5.4 million humans, hundreds of thousands of indignant Birds, rock team Nightwish and Nokia. Finland can be well known for its excessive ratings in international tuition approach comparisons and for its not pricey competitiveness.

A Concise historical past of Finland begins from 1000-year outdated occasions, however the concentration of the publication is at the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The booklet is an ideal consultant to Finland's prior for tourists, scholars, enterprise humans, media, and everybody drawn to heritage.

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Additional info for A Concise History of Finland: the 11th to the 21th Century

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Porkkala Peninsula was leased for 50 years as a naval base. Finland also had to pay 300 million dollars worth of reparations. The Soviet Union also insisted that "war criminals" had to be convicted, "Hitler-minded" organizations disbanded, and communist activity had to be allowed. Military forces had to settle into their peace-time routine, and Germans had to be deported from the country. A finale, called the War of Lapland followed from 1944 to 1945. During the wars, about 95,000 Finns died and 200,000 were wounded.

Foreign Policy in the 1920s and 1930s After the declaration of independence, the key objectives for Finland's foreign policy were neutrality and seeking protection from Soviet-Russia. In the 1920s, Finnish volunteer soldiers were inspired by the idea of a Greater Finland. This nationalistic idea was to assert Finnish control over the areas inhabited by people related to Finns, like Karelians. Kinship wars strained the relationships with this eastern neighbor. Border conflicts between the countries were settled in the Tartu Peace Treaty in 1920, but the agreement didn't dispel mutual suspicions.

Migration continued until the 1980s. The mechanization of farming, more efficient production, and increased fertilization created an excess of farming products. The state started paying subsidies for uncultivated fields. Instead of being farmed, these fields were allowed to rest or re-forested. In 1975, 60% of Finns lived in cities in southern Finland and in the main towns of the provinces. Near the cities, suburbs were built that provided housing, shopping malls, kindergartens, and schools. Extensive offerings of public services were created in order to establish a democratic welfare state.

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A Concise History of Finland: the 11th to the 21th Century by Soile Varis, Petrena Barnes, Ari Hakkarainen


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