By Peter Clements
This edition's exam counsel has lately been up to date for the 2015 IB consultant for HL choice 2, background of the Americas, subject 10: Emergence of the Americas in international affairs 1880-1929 The well known IB degree heritage sequence, combining compelling narratives with educational rigor. An authoritative and fascinating narrative, with the widest number of resources at this point, assisting scholars to boost their wisdom and analytical talents. This moment variation offers: - trustworthy, transparent and in-depth narrative from subject specialists - research of the historiography surrounding key debates - committed examination perform with version solutions and perform questions - TOK help and historic research inquiries to aid with all facets of the degree
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Extra resources for Access to History for the IB Diploma. Emergence of the Americas in global affairs 1880-1929
38 Chapter 2: The Spanish–American–Cuban War, 1898 Source B The USS Maine is destroyed by an explosion in Havana Harbour, Cuba, 15 February 1898. Contemporary lithograph by Kurz & Allison. Entry into war While it has subsequently been hypothesized that the explosion was the result of a terrible accident resulting from the proximity of the coal bunker to the powder magazine, at the time there was little doubt in the USA who was to blame. The Spanish were held responsible, possibly, it was widely alleged, using a mine to explode the ship.
As in Cuba, there had been sporadic rebellions and in 47 November 1898 a Charter of Autonomy had been granted offering some degree of independence. The US Naval College, however, in planning war with Spain, had envisaged operations in Puerto Rican waters. When war came this expanded into a full-scale invasion of over 3000 troops led by General Nelson A. Miles. Despite some occasional fierce opposition from the Spanish authorities, the Americans were generally welcomed by the locals; one soldier said the biggest problem was finding enough US flags and another called it a ‘picnic’.
Most of the plantation owners were of Spanish origin and controlled the infrastructure of the colony; many of those supporting independence were of mixed race and felt excluded from the power structures. However, it was in 1868 that the Ten Years War, the most serious drive for Cuban independence, began. This exhausted both rebels and imperialist masters and led in 1878 to a fragile peace. Jose Martí, later called ‘the apostle of Cuban independence’, wrote his first attacks on Spanish rule while still a teenager during this war and was temporarily deported to Spain in 1871.
Access to History for the IB Diploma. Emergence of the Americas in global affairs 1880-1929 by Peter Clements